New Graduate Nurse Retention- Laschinger et al.

Title: New Graduate Nurse Retention: A National Study of Factors Influencing New Graduate Nurses' Job and Career Transition in the First Two Years of Practice
Investigators: (Principal) Dr. Heather K. Spence Laschinger, (Co-Principal) Dr. Michael Leiter, (Co-Principal) Dr. Greta Cummings
Years Funded: 2012-2015
Lay Summary:
New graduate nurses are a precious resource in today’s nursing workforce shortage. To promote retention, every effort must be made to ensure that new graduates work in supportive environments that encourage their professional growth, career satisfaction, and personal wellbeing. Heavy workloads and stressful work environments complicate the transition from student nurse to professional, contributing to increased burnout and turnover rates as high as 57% within the first two years of practice. The purpose of this study is to describe new graduate nurses’ worklife experiences in Canadian health care settings in the first two years and to examine predictors of job and career satisfaction and turnover intentions across time.
A longitudinal survey design will be used to examine the factors that influence new graduate nurse transition at two points in time (1-year apart).  A sample of new graduate nurses working in each province across Canada will be obtained from the respective provincial regulatory body (estimated N=4000).  Focus groups of new graduate nurses from four regions across Canada (West, Québec, Ontario, and Atlantic) will be conducted (3 groups per region) following the survey to identify what factors facilitated or impeded their transition over the first year.  Themes emerging from these focus groups will be compared to the findings obtained in the surveys and used to enrich the interpretation of the quantitative data. We will also conduct focus groups with nurses in unit level leadership roles (1 per region) to obtain their perspectives on what is important for optimizing new graduate transition to practice in their organization and to obtain their interpretation of how the results may inform new graduate retention strategies. This approach should provide a national database identifying new graduate nurses’ experiences of transitioning to the graduate role and factors that influence their transition.
Progress to Date:
The provincial bodies have been contacted and a National sample of nurses who have graduated in the past 2 years has been obtained. The first round of surveys has been sent out and we are in the final stages of data collection from Phase 1. Currently, we are in the process of entering data. 
Presentations/Publications to date:
None to date. 
Anticipated Outcomes:
A variety of factors will be examined. The figure below outlines the outcomes of interest. 
In progress
Contact details:
Heather K. Spence Laschinger RN, PhD, FAAN, FCAHS
University of Western Ontario
Health Sciences Addition
Room H41
1151 Richmond Street 
London, Ontario, N6A 5C1
t. 519-661-2111 x86567 
f. 519-661-3410 
This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Health Canadacihr logo1This initiative has been generously funded by grants from Health Canada and the Canadian Institutes of Health Research. The views expressed here do not necessarily reflect those of the funders.